Converting certificates between cer/pem/crt/der/pfx/p12 can be done in Linux with the use of OpenSSL tool via the terminal.
These commands allow you to convert certificates and keys to different formats to make them compatible with specific types of servers or software.
Convert a DER file (.crt .cer .der) to PEM
openssl x509 -inform der -in certificate.cer -out certificate.pem
Convert a PEM file to DER
openssl x509 -outform der -in certificate.pem -out certificate.der
Convert a PKCS#12 file (.pfx .p12) containing a private key and certificates to PEM
openssl pkcs12 -in keyStore.pfx -out keyStore.pem -nodes
You can add -nocerts to only output the private key or add -nokeys to only output the certificates.
Convert a PEM certificate file and a private key to PKCS#12 (.pfx .p12)
openssl pkcs12 -export -out certificate.pfx -inkey privateKey.key -in certificate.crt -certfile CACert.crt
Copy and paste from http://stackoverflow.com/questions/16583428/how-to-convert-an-ssl-certificate-in-linux for my personal reference only.